In the book “Talking to Heaven”  the well known medium James Van Praagh explains briefly on mediumship.  He says that mediumship can be broken down into two distinct categories. The first common type is mental mediumship.  As the word mental denotes, this form of mediumship utilizes the mind – the intuitive cosmic mind, not the rational or logical part.  He says that this type of mediumship fall into several distinct types as clairvoyance, clairaudience, clairsentience and inspirational thought. Given below is the extract of his explanation  given in his book.


Derived from the French language, clairvoyance means” clear vision.” A clairvoyant applies her innate sense of inner sight to see objects, colors, symbols, people, spirits, or scenes. These pictures are not visible to the naked eye and usually flash into the medium’s mind as if she were physically seeing. In most cases the sights should be recognizable to the person for whom she is reading, whom I refer to as the sitter


This term means “clear hearing.” A clairaudient hears with the psychic ear or sensitized ear. He is able to hear sounds, names voices, and music that vibrate on a higher frequency. Much like dogs that hear at a higher frequency range than humans, mediums, too, hear beyond our normal hearing range. A clairaudient provides the sitter exactly what he hears from that higher rate of vibration. Although he hears the actual spirit voices or whispers with the same inflection the person would have used on the earth, he tells the sitter in his own voice what he is hearing


This is a form of mental mediumship that means “clear feeling.” A medium with clairsentience is able to sense when spirits are in the room. A true clairsentient will usually feel the spirit personality coming through his entire being. He is able to give messages to the sitter by way of strong, empathetic feelings and emotions from the spirit. In clairsentience, not only is the mind of a medium used but a medium’s emotional body as well.

Inspirational Thought

This is also known as inspirational speaking, inspirational writing; or inspirational art. In inspirational thought, a medium receives thoughts, impressions, knowledge – all without forethought. It differs from clairsentience because the emotional state is not as evident in inspirational thought as it is with a spirit personality coming through to speak. Inspirational thought is very objective. It has neither the intense emotions nor the spirit personality attached to the message. These are associated with clairsentience. Although inspirational thought comes from spirit, the personality of a spirit is not impressed on the receiver.

In many cases, a band or group of souls can impress an earthly recipient with inspirational thought. This group of souls melds their thoughts together and impresses the person to write a certain piece of music or paint a particular picture. Again, this is not done on an emotional level; rather, it is purely through inspiration. Many great artists such as Michelangelo, Monet, and Renoir, and musicians like Bach, Mozart, and Schubert were mediums. Great scientists and doctors of the past were also mediums utilizing inspirational thought. All around us today, we have wonderful artists, musicians, writers, actors, and speakers who use the mental mediumistic art of inspirational thought.